- Most next-generation Layer 1 blockchains scale with a parallel architecture, where transaction processing is split between multiple environments
- Depending on how security is handled for cross-chain (blockchain or shard) communication, this is referred to as sharding or interoperability
- The challenge with sharded ecosystems is that they break composability — smart contracts can’t call each other synchronously unless they live on the same shard or blockchain
This research piece is available to
members of The Block Genesis.
You can continue reading
this Genesis research on The Block.